Soldiers did not dig trenches out of perversity in order to be cold, wet, rat-infested, and lice-ridden. Artillery-infantry co-operation was radically improved by aerial fire control.
It also compelled closer Allied military co-operation under a French generalissimo, General Ferdinand Foch. Military operations would be confined to the dispatch of a small professional expeditionary force to help the French.
In the British soldier went to war dressed like a gamekeeper in a soft cap, armed only with rifle and bayonet. Italian entry into the war compelled the Austrians to fight an three fronts: He doubted whether the French and the Russians were strong enough to defeat Germany without massive British military reinforcement.
The Allies were in a much stronger position than Germany. Its human and material costs were enormous. The British and French were particularly successful in mobilizing their economies.
In his offensive strategy brought Germany to ruin. But the obligations of the French alliance were inescapable.
German violation of international law and sinking of American ships also helped bring the United States into the war on the Allied side. Expansion of the war was swift. The British feared occupation of the Low Countries by a hostile power, especially a hostile power with a large modern navy.
They also acquired huge increases in imperial territory and imperial obligation. The French, responding with an offensive in Lorraine, suffered an almost catastrophic national defeat. Improvements in agriculture reduced the numbers needed to work on the land and provided a surplus of males of military age.
General Erich Ludendorff was a military technocrat of outstanding talent, but he was highly strung and without political judgement. This defeat produced changes in the Italian high command. It enjoyed enormous prestige. This it was imperative to defend. In, and for much of artillery was used principally to kill enemy soldiers.
Without the Russian contribution in the east it is far from certain that Germany could have been defeated in the west. Contemporary technology failed to provide a man-portable wireless. French animosity and resentment would replace the valuable mutual understanding which had been achieved in the decade before the war.
This gave him the appearance of a great man but without the substance. France recovered the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine, but continued to be haunted by fear and loathing of Germany.
By it was the French army which was ripe for defeat, not the German. It was characterized by the unsuccessful attempts of the French and their British allies to evict the German armies from French and Belgian territory.
The system worked well until the German Spring Offensive of threatened to divide the Allies. Balancing the competing demands was never easy. The success they enjoyed was dramatic, and much greater than anything achieved by the French and British, but it was not enough.
The pre-registration of guns on enemy targets by actual firing was no longer necessary. Morale deteriorated and industrial efficiency suffered as a result.The First World War redrew the map of Europe and the Middle East.
Four great empires, the Romanov, the Hohenzollern, the Habsburg, and the Ottoman, were defeated and collapsed. They were replaced by a number of weak and sometimes avaricious successor states. - Causes of the First World War “The outbreak of the First World War in grew out of a short term crisis in the Balkans, but any attempt to understand its origins must take into account a number of long standing developments.” (McDonough).
In this essay I will be focusing on the main causes of the First World War and I will be exploring this cause step by step, which it was began in early August The Great War was a military conflict that lasted from to which involved most of the world's great powers assembled in.
Feb 08, · What are some long and short term Causes of World War 1? s book and the first world war. I have been asked to write an essay on it. Can anyone lead me to a website that has some great infomation on the causes of WW1. Source(s): long short term world war 1: mint-body.com Anonymous · 3 years ago.
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ESSAYS, term and research papers available for UNLIMITED access. Although the First World War is popularly considered a generally European endeavor, the Ottoman Empire at the time also played a significant role in the war and its aftermath.Download