For example, if you were to change the wording of a passage, but not credit the source, you are plagiarizing as much as if you used the original words. To ensure that you will give credit appropriately, begin by keeping your research materials organized.
Grass genera of the world-interactive identification and information retrieval. Introduction As you write your term papers, it will be important for you to document where you obtained the information cited in your report.
Pertinent information is gleaned from the ideas of those who came before, and a researcher then produces new knowledge by integrating the ideas of others with her own conclusions.
There are, however, other reasons for citing references in scientific research papers. Some may come from electronic sources such as the World Wide Web, Melvyl and Harvest databases available through the UC Davis library, CD references and the like, and some may come from interviews.
Capitalize only the first letter of the first word and proper nouns. If there are two authors, separate their names with "and".
You will therefore be expected to use the format set out below. It is important that researchers give credit so readers can trace the ideas presented back to the sources.
Single-space the entries in your list of references. For example, give the year of publication for a book, the year and month of publication for a monthly magazine or journal, and the year, month, and day for a newspaper or daily periodical.
Separate the entries with a blank line.
Publisher and Location Give the city and state if in the United Statesfollowed by a colon and the publisher name, followed by a period.
Thus, clearly, you need to cite sources for all direct quotations. All different kinds of sources must be acknowledged. Plagiarism is using the words, thoughts, or ideas of someone else without giving credit.
It is important, however, to acknowledge the sources of these documents, even though you may never have seen "hard copy" printed versions of the file s you wish to cite. As New England is located at the convergence of several distinct storm tracks http: Click and Clack demonstrated that mice treated with synthetic estrogen analogs react similarly.
After finding good information from a reputable source, you must then integrate that information into your paper. Norton, New York City, p. While a bibliography does not prevent plagiarism, it is an important tool in avoiding plagiarism.
When a book, paper, or article has no identifiable author, cite it as Anon. This skill will serve you well in writing papers of all types, not just those required for classes. Reference citations also provide avenues for interested readers to follow up on aspects of your work -- they help weave the web of science.
Title When citing the name of a journal, magazine or newspaper, write the name in italics, with all words capitalized except for articles, prepositions and conjunctions. If you are citing a part of a larger work, you should give the title, followed by a comma, the word "In" followed by the larger work, and then add "[Online]" or "[CDROM]" as appropriate, followed by a period.
Do not use footnotes for citations. It is possible to correct the raw dD values measured on the mass spectrometer Mark Conrad, Lawrence-Berkeley National Lab, personal communication.
The reference citation style described here is a version of the "Author, Date" scientific style, adapted from Hansen and the Council of Biology Editors If your source of information is from written correspondence a letter or e-mailyou would substitute the word "written" for the word "personal" above, and you would add the date of the letter if dated.
Typically, only the last name of the author s and the year of publication are given,e. Articles with more than two authors are cited by the first authors last name followed "and others" or "et al. The paper by Bugjuice is short, and if readers want to find the referenced information, they would not have as much trouble.
Do not use footnotes in this class for citations. Citing References in the Body Intro and Discussion of the Paper Throughout the body of your paper primarily the Intro and Discussionwhenever you refer to outside sources of information, you must cite the sources from which you drew information.
Walters, or Austin, Business Periodicals Ondisk Item: Journal of Advertising Research, 32, Term Paper: Format of Citations and References 1.
As you write your term papers, it will be important for you to document where you. Citing References in the Body (Intro and Discussion) of the Paper Throughout the body of your paper (primarily the Intro and Discussion), whenever you refer to outside sources of information, you must cite the sources from which you drew information.
Citing References in Scientific Research Papers. Compiled by Timothy T. Allen, revised This paper greatly expands upon a handout originally prepared by an unknown author for distribution to students in introductory.
For details on how to cite technical and research reports look under section in the APA Publication Manual, starting on page Basic reference list format for a print report. Author Last Name, First Initial. A guide to create citations for bibliographies and works cited in reference papers. Research Guides Citation Guide How to cite WEBSITES Search this Guide Search.
Citation Guide: How to cite WEBSITES. A guide to create citations for bibliographies and works cited in reference papers. There are many different ways to cite research sources.
This method - parenthetical citation - is currently most in favor. Start with nothing in your bibliography, and build it based on your parenthetical citations.Download