No human being and no society can afford to be callous to the needs of suffering humanity, or cavalier about the treatment of nascent human life, or indifferent to the social effects of adopting one course of action rather than another. All extractions of stem cells from human embryos, cloned or not, involve the destruction of these embryos.
Obtain an egg cell from a female of a mammalian species. Sandel, and James Q. Congress can and should act to ban cloning of human beings during this session.
We reviewed the following seven possible policy options and considered their relative strengths and weaknesses: By permanently banning cloning-to-produce-children, this policy gives force to the strong ethical verdict against cloning-to-produce-children, unanimous in this Council and in Congress and widely supported by the American people.
The exploitation of developing human life. This is the most important advantage of this proposal. Permitting cloning-for-biomedical-research now, while governing it through a prudent and sensible regulatory regime, is the most appropriate way to allow important research to proceed while insuring that abuses are prevented.
The United States Congress has twice taken up the matter, in and again inwith the House of Representatives in July passing a strict ban on all human cloning, including the production of cloned human embryos.
As Senator Kennedy put it: By this means, we hope to help policymakers and the general public appreciate more thoroughly the difficulty of the issues and the competing goods that are at stake.
Giving moral approval to such research risks significant moral harm to our society by 1 crossing the boundary from sexual to asexual reproduction, thus approving in principle the genetic manipulation and control of nascent human life; 2 opening the door to other moral hazards, such as cloning-to-produce-children or research on later-stage human embryos and fetuses; and 3 potentially putting the federal government in the novel and unsavory position of mandating the destruction of nascent human life.
The following steps have been used to produce live offspring in the mammalian species that have been successfully cloned. Rowman and Littlefield,and Nussbaum, M. Speaking only for ourselves, those of us who support this recommendation do so for some or all of the following reasons: But we are not only patients, and easing suffering is not our only moral obligation.
A moratorium on cloning-for-biomedical-research would enable us to consider this activity in the larger context of research and technology in the areas of developmental biology, embryo research, and genetics, and to pursue a more comprehensive federal regulatory system for setting and executing policy in the entire area.
Problems of identity and individuality. Such an attitude toward children could also contribute to increased commercialization and industrialization of human procreation. Back to Text As quoted in Kolata, op. Public reaction to the prospect of cloning-for-biomedical-research has been mixed: It wastes time to argue over whether we should do it or not; the real moral question is when and why.
The Human Cloning Debate: The Department of Health is also beginning talks with US pharmaceutical firm Myriad over access to its gene research into breast cancer. Dresser, Francis Fukuyama, Robert P. Even if practiced on a small scale, it could affect the way society looks at children and set a precedent for future nontherapeutic interventions into the human genetic endowment or novel forms of control by one generation over the next.
By confounding and transgressing the natural boundaries between generations, cloning could strain the social ties between them. Nearly all senators denounced clonal reproduction, but many believed that the proposed ban, which would have made it illegal to create human embryos by means of somatic cell nuclear transfer, would undermine potentially valuable scientific research.
All utopian visionaries, from Thomas More to Karl Marx, think of their perfect societies as being populated not by men but by angels that embody all of the best and none of the worst human attributes.
Back to Text Stent, G. Finally, we believe that a moratorium, rather than a lasting ban, signals a high regard for the value of biomedical research and an enduring concern for patients and families whose suffering such research may help alleviate. Back to Text Robertson, J.
Yet we agree that all parties to the debate have concerns vital to defend, vital not only to themselves but to all of us. Back to Text Gaylin, W. Although some experimental results in animals are indeed encouraging, they also demonstrate some tendency even of cloned stem cells to stimulate an immune response., the National Academies released Scientific and Medical Aspects of Human Reproductive Cloning.
It recommended that the U.S. ban human reproductive cloning aimed at creating a child. It suggested the ban be enforceable and carry substantial penalties. The pa nel noted that the ban should be reconsidered within five years. Human Cloning and Human Dignity: An Ethical Inquiry Table of Contents NBAC released its report Cloning Human Beings, "A Ban on Cloning and Cloning Research Is Unjustified," testimony before the National Bioethics Advisory Commission, March 14, Macklin, R., testimony before NBAC, March 14, Jun 10, · President Clinton said today that he wanted to ban the cloning of human beings but allow some cloning research while Americans debate the moral implications.
Under a partial ban that permitted the creation of cloned embryos for research, human embryos would be widely cloned in laboratories and assisted-reproduction facilities. five-year ban on. Cloning-for-biomedical-research: Production of a cloned human embryo, formed for the (proximate) purpose of using it in research or for extracting its stem cells, with the (ultimate) goals of gaining scientific knowledge of normal and abnormal development and of developing cures for human diseases.
Nov 11, · Almost all governments oppose human cloning and more than 50 have legislation outlawing cloning.
But negotiations about an international ban collapsed in because of disagreements over research cloning, also known as therapeutic cloning.Download